Running Jargon De-mystified

WHAT IT ALL MEANS!!

  • ACHILLES NOTCH - A groove in the back of the heel collar that protects the Achilles tendon. Prevents irritation to the Achilles tendon and contributes to a snug, secure fit.
  • BLOWN RUBBER - A very light, cushioned and durable rubber compound used in outsoles.
  • BOARD LAST - Shoe is constructed on a thin cardboard last for additional stability.
  • CARBON RUBBER - Hard wearing rubber used on high wear areas such as heelstrike.
  • COMBINATION LAST - Shoe has a combination of rearfoot stiffness and forefoot flexibility.
  • COOLMAX - Cool Body Cool Mind. The fastest drying high-tec fabric. CoolMax pulls sweat away, so you are dry, comfortable and ready for anything.
  • CMEVA - Compression moulded EVA (Ethylene Vinyl Acetate) foam used in the midsole for cushioning.
  • CURVED LAST - Shoe shape for underpronators/supinators to encourage foot motion.
  • CUSHIONING - A material with absorption properties placed in high force impact areas to alleviate impact forces from running.
  • CUSHIONING SHOES - Footwear with soft insoles and little medial support, to provide great cushioning and promote foot motion. For the efficient or neutral runner.
  • DUAL DENSITY - Called a medial post (often grey), a firmer density of foam provides support on the inside (medial) side for over-pronation.
  • EVA (Ethylene Vinyl Acetate) - foam mostly Compressed (CMEVA) used in the midsoles of shoes to provide cushioning.
  • FLEX GROOVES - Grooves in the midsole and outsole of the shoe, usually under the ball of the foot, allowing it to flex and roll forward naturally.
  • FOOTSTRIKE (HEELSTRIKE) - The first major motion in the gait when the heel makes first contact with the ground.
  • FOREFOOT - The front (ball of the foot) section of the shoe which propels the foot forward when running.
  • HEEL COUNTER - A firm plastic cup inserted into the heel of the shoe to give rearfoot stability.
  • HEEL STRIKE - The point of impact at footstrike - up to 4 times bodyweight.
  • INSOLE - The removable part of the shoe between your foot and the midsole, usually contains very little cushioning properties.
  • LATERAL - The outside edge of the foot.
  • LAST - The three dimensional mould on which shoes are built. Usually wood, metal or plastic. The shape of the last determines the shape of the shoe.
  • MEDIAL - The inside edge (instep) of the foot.
  • MICROFIBRE - A fabric tightly woven from a very fine poly thread. Has a sueded finish for a luxurious, soft feel and is naturally water repellent.
  • MICRO FLEECE - A high density, anti-pilling fleece made of knit microfibers that are brushed less than a regular fleece garment. Has a high capacity for warmth without the weight.
  • MIDFOOT - The section of shoes around the arch of the foot.
  • MIDSOLE - The mid cushioned part of the footwear between the outsole and the upper. Specialised running footwear will have extra materials inserted into the midsole to provide cushioning and stability.
  • MINI MESH - A nylon mesh with a finer hole.
  • MOTION CONTROL SHOES - Heavy-duty stability footwear that puts emphasis on controlling the foot movement on footstrike. For over-pronators and heavier runners.
  • NEUTRAL (BIOMECHANICALLY EFFICIENT) - No excessive inward or outward rolling of the foot. A style that follows the natural gait cycle.
  • NYLON - A synthetic fibre that is durable, lightweight and resilient.
  • ORTHOTICS - Inserts (mainly custom made) placed inside shoes to correct biomechanical problems.
  • OUTSOLE - The durable bottom part of the shoe which has contact with the ground.
  • OVERPRONATION - The excessive inward rolling movement of the foot which can cause injury to the foot and ankle. Overpronators should wear stability shoes.
  • PERFORMANCE SHOES - Lightweight footwear with enough cushioning and stability for everyday use.
  • POLYESTER - A man-made fibre that is strong, resilient, and highly resistant to abrasion. Low absorbency allows the fibre to dry quickly.
  • POLYURETHENE - A synthetic material, similar to plastics and nylon, which can be used in a variety of applications.
  • PRONATION - The natural inward rolling movement of the foot in the running gait. Pronation to some degree is normal and necessary, and nearly all runners pronate to some degree, though overpronation can cause injury when the foot rolls too far.
  • RACING SHOES - Ultra lightweight speed-enhancing footwear for racing and fast paced training.
  • REARFOOT - The back (heel) section of the shoe which takes the force of impact of the footstrike.
  • RIPSTOP - A lightweight fabric, often made of nylon, that has a double thread running through it in a grid to stop small tears from spreading.
  • SEMI CURVED - The last the majority of cushioned and stability shoes are built on.
  • SLIP LASTED - Shoe upper is stitched together to promote flexibility.
  • SPANDEX - A fabric created from elastic thread which helps a garment to stretch for a better fit and added comfort.
  • STABILITY - The ability of the shoe to resist excessive lateral foot motion on footstrike, to allow the foot to continue moving forward on impact.
  • STABILITY SHOES - Footwear with a good blend of cushioning, medial support and durability. For midweight runners with either no severe motion-control problems who want medial support and good durability or those with mild over-pronation.
  • STRAIGHT LAST - The shoe shape for motion control shoes with a broader base of support.
  • SUPINATION - The natural outward rolling movement of the foot as the foot starts to leave the ground. The opposite of pronation. A supinating foot does not pronate so doesn't absorb shock well.
  • SUPPLEX - A high-performance nylon fabric common in performance athletic wear and notable for its sturdy, cotton-like feel, moisture wicking abilities and quick dry time; brand name of DuPont.
  • 3M SCOTCHGARD - Water resistant, stain resistant, washable and drycleanable long lasting protection.
  • TACTEL - A soft, durable nylon fibre that is extremely easy to wash yet allows the skin to breathe.
  • TAPED SEAMS - A strip of fabric sewn to the seam of a garment to prevent distortion. In outerwear, taped seams aid in waterproofing.
  • TOE BOX - The front part of the shoe where the toes are!
  • TOE OFF - The final stage of the running gait where the toes propel the runner forward as the foot is pushed off from the ground.
  • TRICOT - A knit fabric of exceptional quality, softness and versatility.
  • UPPER - The fabric part of the shoe on top that surrounds the foot and holds the laces.
  • WICKING - The ability of a fibre to move moisture from your skin to the surface of the fabric so that it can evaporate and keep you more comfortable.